Home > Common Disorders > Articulation Disorders

Articulation Disorders

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 27 Oct 2013 | comments*Discuss
 
Speech speech Impairment articulation

Articulation disorders are those that are related to an individual’s ability to say particular sounds and/or string particular sounds together. These difficulties will persist across words as distinct from a simple mispronunciation. At their most basic level articulation disorders are the results of an individual being physiologically unable to produce particular sounds through the use of their lips, tongue, teeth, palate and even respiratory system, facial nerves and muscles.

In children with no associated condition, articulation disorders may be treatable with speech therapy. In individuals who have trouble articulating due to another condition, the prognosis of that condition will likely affect their progress in correcting their disordered articulation.

Common Types of Articulation Disorders

There are several common types of articulation disorders, particularly among children. Substitutions occur when an individual literally substitutes one sound for another, such as pronouncing a “w” instead of an “r”.

Distortions are a type of disordered articulation in which the individual tries so hard to pronounce a sound correctly that (s)he ends up actually distorting the sound, such as by working too hard to produce a “w” and actually producing a whistling sound instead.

Additions are articulation disorders in which the individual routinely pronounces an extra sound or syllable, for example saying “assemembly” instead of “assembly”. In comparison, omissions are a type of articulation disorder in which the individual omits or does not pronounce particular sounds, such as dropping the “s” or “ch” sounds out of their words.

Regardless of which particular articulation disorder occurs, there are some similarities in individuals who have any type of articulation disorder. Across the spectrum the sounds most often articulated incorrectly are “s” “l” and “r”. Also across the spectrum individuals who suffer from articulation disorders can be extremely hard to understand and may become frustrated at their inability to communicate, which then makes their speech even more unintelligible. Stress, illness and tiredness may also cause an articulation disorder to become more pronounced, even if strides had been made towards better articulation previously.

Causes of Articulation Disorders

In children there may be any number of causes of articulation disorders, such as weak muscles, little control over the tongue or respiratory system, or just a generally immaturity related to speech. However, some cases, particularly those in adults, may be related to an associated condition or cause. A general speech delay, hearing impairment, mental retardation, acquired brain injury and certain types of learning disabilities may all contribute to articulation disorders.

Treating Articulation Disorders

Individuals with noticeable and consistent articulation disorders should be assessed by a speech pathologist. These specialists are trained in distinguishing speech impairments and will be able to devise a treatment plan suitable for each unique case. Consistent speech therapy sessions, as often as every day in some cases, with extra “homework” and practice activities to be carried out at home are common methods of treating articulation disorders, though how well the disorder may be overcome will be specific to each individual.

The speech pathologist will likely be able to give some indication of how much progress can be expected in each specific case. Speech pathologists can often be accessed privately or via a referral from a GP.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
it is very helpful.pls.let us know about medical treatment which can prove beneficial in case of articulation problem.
puks - 27-Oct-13 @ 2:37 PM
would like more information on articulation disorder organizations
Ready Betty - 30-May-13 @ 5:17 PM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Topics
Latest Comments
  • None
    Re: Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders
    Hi Our nine-year-old daughter has tongue thrust, as discovered only 8 months ago - we were never told about her partial…
    17 August 2017
  • Tgfa
    Re: What to With Problems Pronouncing 'Sh' and 'Ch'?
    Your son could be processing things way to quick like when he Is writing he is already a couple words…
    2 July 2017
  • john
    Re: Speech-Language Therapy
    I been stammering for 60 yrs and its getting worse
    30 June 2017
  • Amy2000
    Re: Lisps
    @CodeLyoko&FreaktownL - good on you for not letting people make you feel different. I wish I was as fearless - but I still feel self-conscious sometimes :(
    25 April 2017
  • CodeLyoko&FreaktownL
    Re: Lisps
    @LisaZZZ I never been bullied for having a lisp (even though a few people told me to speak properly like my dad) then I told them "I have a lithp. Don't you…
    24 April 2017
  • Nanna J
    Re: Children's Speech Sound Disorders
    My 3 year old grand daughter has been diagnosed with speech sound disorder, but my daughter has been told that nothing will…
    13 April 2017
  • thalia
    Re: Receptive Language Disorders
    My son is 13 and has just had his 2nd assessment, with a find of Receptive Language/Pragmatics. He needs an IEP, which previously…
    6 April 2017
  • Murf
    Re: Receptive Language Disorders
    My son is nearly 12 and for about 7 years I've known there is something wrong but didnt know what, last week he was diagnosed with…
    2 March 2017
  • Brookie
    Re: What is Backing Disorder?
    I am a teaching assistant in a main stream primary school. I work with children who have speech and language difficulties.
    15 January 2017
  • Laur
    Re: Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders
    Hi is there a myofunctional therapist in west midlands. Im in splint therapy now but still having issues and i believe its…
    15 January 2017
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the SpeechDisorder website. Please read our Disclaimer.