Home > Common Disorders > What is Backing Disorder?

What is Backing Disorder?

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 9 Dec 2019 | comments*Discuss
Backing Disorder Speech Language

A backing disorder is a substitution type of speech disorder in which sounds that are normally made at the front of the mouth are made at the back of the mouth instead. Backing disorders tend to occur in children and those with physiological abnormalities, and are often easily treatable with speech therapy and home monitoring. For this reason there are relatively few physiologically normal adults with backing disorders, but they may still occur.

What is Backing Disorder?

A backing disorder is a communication/speech disorder in which an individual produces sounds at the back of the mouth rather than at the front of the mouth. This most commonly affects the sounds s, t, f, d, sh and ch, which are normally produced with the anatomy of the front of the mouth (lips, teeth, tongue, hard palate). Backing disorders are often classified as types of substitutions because when the pronunciation of sounds is moved to the back of the mouth, a substitute sound is made instead. For example, someone with a backing disorder who attempts to produce a "t" sound may well produce a "k" sound instead.

Why Does Backing Disorder Occur?

Backing disorder usually occurs due to physiological causes or causes specific to the individual. Physiological causes are those pertain to the physiology of the mouth or throat, such as that the tongue is abnormally large, the tonsils are enlarged, the neck is uncommonly short or the pharyngeal dimensions are decreased. Causes specific to the individual can include that children simply enjoy the vibrations made from producing sounds at the back of the mouth, or that it is easier for an individual to make such sounds.

Who is Affected By Backing Disorder?

Backing disorder is commonly found in children and those who have physiological abnormalities in the mouth and neck. People with Down Syndrome, for example, may have physiology which contributes to a backing disorder. Because backing disorders are usually easily treated in individuals without physiological abnormalities, there are not many physiologically normal adults with this type of disorder.

How is Backing Disorder Treated?

Backing disorder can be easily diagnosed by a speech therapist who will be able to set forth appropriate treatment recommendations including home speech exercises. Parents can also work on problem sounds with their children simply by paying attention to speech, sounds and language while singing songs, saying silly rhymes and reading books together. Parents might also make a point of modelling correct speech sounds by showing their children how they correctly pronounce sounds with the front of their mouths. This also allows parents to exaggerate specific sounds and connect them to words, such as connecting a chair to the "ch" sound. Remember, speech therapy might only be an hour or two and not even every week, but parents can be involved in their children's speech development every day.

Backing disorder is a communication phenomenon in which speech sounds that should be made at the front of the mouth are made at the back of the mouth instead. Such a disorder might have physiological basis or might simply be specific to the individual. Speech therapy and exercises can help correct or lessen the impact of a backing disorder.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
I noticed so many people on television with the S backing and it drives me nuts but my friend says it's a speech impediment and they can't help it
Shar - 9-Dec-19 @ 1:35 PM
I am a teaching assistant in a main stream primary school. I work with children who have speech and language difficulties.
Brookie - 15-Jan-17 @ 9:09 PM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Shar
    Re: What is Backing Disorder?
    I noticed so many people on television with the S backing and it drives me nuts but my friend says it's a speech impediment and they…
    9 December 2019
  • Kathy
    Re: Auditory Verbal Therapy
    What kind of treatment and needed to help his disorder How to explain why he needs get treatment How it help him in life Katheen…
    15 October 2018
  • Jen
    Re: Expressive Language Disorder
    @seaside123 - have to been to see your doctor because your doctor will help you and refer you to the right counselling for you :(
    31 May 2018
  • SylvieBH
    Re: Child Abuse and Speech Disorders
    @Overcomer - I hope you managed to sort out all your psychological issues too. Well done Miss H. We all need teachers like…
    3 April 2018
  • Overcomer
    Re: Child Abuse and Speech Disorders
    I didn’t know what my father and one of my brothers was doing to me was abuse until I was in 5th grade. I knew it mad me…
    2 April 2018
  • ElizabethR
    Re: Child Abuse and Speech Disorders
    @Wannabehappy - I'm not surprised this hasn't left you - especially if you have not dealt with these issues. Counselling is…
    29 March 2018
  • Wannabehappy
    Re: Child Abuse and Speech Disorders
    As baby my mother abonden me and I was raise by my grandma and dad. Don’t know why but I remember that dad used to make fun…
    29 March 2018
  • mukku
    Re: Stammering
    i have stammerig with anxiety so how to cure
    2 March 2018
  • Fount
    Re: Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders
    My 9 year old daughter has a tongue thrust, causing her to lisp and gap between teeth. Dentist just says she can have…
    13 February 2018
  • SpeechDisorder
    Re: Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders
    Dee - Your Question:My 7 years old son has a severe mouth thrust and I just need help.Our Response:
    12 February 2018